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2 Photos Greenwood Cemetery Brooklyn NY “James Gordon Bennett” NY Herald

Regular price $125.00

 

2 Photos Greenwood Cemetery Brooklyn NY “James Gordon Bennett” NY Herald

 Two sepia-toned photographs Greenwood Cemetery. “James Gordon Bennett” founder of the New York Herald

Photograph by: J S Wooley. [Jesse Sumner Wooley (1867-1943)]

Photo 1 - 4-1/2 x 7-11/16 inches on thick board 5-1/4 x 9-7/16 inches. On reverse side, in manuscript pencil: “"James Gordon Bennett” Monument. Greenwood, Brooklyn. Photo by J. S. W.”

Photo 2 - 4-1/2 x 7-3/4 inches on thick board 5-1/4 x 9-7/16 inches. On reverse side, in manuscript pencil: “View in “Greenwood Cemetery” Brooklyn. Photo by J. S. Wooley”

Both photos: Beveled edges. Lightly soiled, minor spots, light wear, overall good + condition.

$125.00

- - - James Gordon Bennett, Sr. (September 1, 1795 – June 1, 1872) was the founder, editor and publisher of the New York Herald and a major figure in the history of American newspapers.

Born to a prosperous Catholic family in Newmill, Banffshire, Scotland, at 15 Bennett entered the Catholic seminary in Aberdeen, where he remained for four years.

 

After leaving the seminary he read voraciously on his own and traveled throughout Scotland. In 1819 he joined a friend who was sailing to North America. After four weeks they landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia, where Bennett briefly worked as a schoolmaster till he had enough money to sail to Portland, Maine, where he again taught school in the village of Addison, moving on to Boston by New Year's 1820. He worked as a proofreader and bookseller before the Charleston Courier hired him to translate Spanish news reports. He moved to New York City in 1823 where he worked as a freelance paper writer and, then, assistant editor of the New York Courier and Enquirer.

In May 1835, Bennett began the Herald after years of failing to start a paper. In April 1836, it shocked readers with front–page coverage of the murder of prostitute Helen Jewett; Bennett conducted the first-ever newspaper interview for it. The Herald initiated a cash–in–advance policy for advertisers, which became the industry standard. Bennett was also at the forefront of using the latest technology to gather and report the news, and added illustrations produced from woodcuts. In 1839, Bennett was granted the first ever exclusive interview to a United States President, Martin Van Buren.

The Herald was officially independent in its politics, but endorsed William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, and John C. Frémont. Author Garry Boulard speculates that Bennett ultimately turned against Pierce after the President failed to appoint him to a much-coveted post as ambassador to France. From that point on, Bennett consistently lambasted Pierce on both his front and editorial page, often calling him "Poor Pierce." Bennett supported James Buchanan as tensions rose over slavery. He endorsed John C. Breckinridge for the 1860 presidential campaign, then shifted to John Bell. He promoted George B. McClellan in 1864, but endorsed no candidate. Although he opposed Abraham Lincoln, Bennett backed the Union, then took the lead to turn the president into a martyr after his assassination. He favored most of Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction proposals.

By the time Bennett turned control of the Herald over to his son James Gordon Bennett Jr. in 1866, it had the highest circulation in America. However, under the younger Bennetts' stewardship, the paper declined, and, after his death, it was merged with its arch-rival, the New York Tribune.

He died in New York, on June 1, 1872. James Bennett is interred at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn (Kings County), New York.

Plot: Section 107, Lot 865


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