2 Photos Greenwood Cemetery Brooklyn NY “James Gordon
Bennett” NY Herald
Two sepia-toned photographs Greenwood
Cemetery. “James Gordon Bennett” founder of the New York Herald
Photograph by: J S Wooley. [Jesse Sumner
Photo 1 - 4-1/2 x 7-11/16 inches on thick
board 5-1/4 x 9-7/16 inches. On reverse side, in manuscript pencil: “"James
Gordon Bennett” Monument. Greenwood, Brooklyn. Photo by J. S. W.”
Photo 2 - 4-1/2 x 7-3/4 inches on thick
board 5-1/4 x 9-7/16 inches. On reverse side, in manuscript pencil: “View in
“Greenwood Cemetery” Brooklyn. Photo by J. S. Wooley”
Both photos: Beveled edges. Lightly
soiled, minor spots, light wear, overall good + condition.
- - - James Gordon Bennett, Sr. (September
1, 1795 – June 1, 1872) was the founder, editor and publisher of the New York
Herald and a major figure in the history of American newspapers.
Born to a prosperous Catholic family in
Newmill, Banffshire, Scotland, at 15 Bennett entered the Catholic seminary in
Aberdeen, where he remained for four years.
After leaving the seminary he read
voraciously on his own and traveled throughout Scotland. In 1819 he joined a
friend who was sailing to North America. After four weeks they landed in
Halifax, Nova Scotia, where Bennett briefly worked as a schoolmaster till he
had enough money to sail to Portland, Maine, where he again taught school in
the village of Addison, moving on to Boston by New Year's 1820. He worked as a
proofreader and bookseller before the Charleston Courier hired him to translate
Spanish news reports. He moved to New York City in 1823 where he worked as a
freelance paper writer and, then, assistant editor of the New York Courier and
In May 1835, Bennett began the Herald
after years of failing to start a paper. In April 1836, it shocked readers with
front–page coverage of the murder of prostitute Helen Jewett; Bennett conducted
the first-ever newspaper interview for it. The Herald initiated a
cash–in–advance policy for advertisers, which became the industry standard. Bennett
was also at the forefront of using the latest technology to gather and report
the news, and added illustrations produced from woodcuts. In 1839, Bennett was
granted the first ever exclusive interview to a United States President, Martin
The Herald was officially independent in
its politics, but endorsed William Henry Harrison, Zachary Taylor, James K.
Polk, Franklin Pierce, and John C. Frémont. Author Garry Boulard speculates
that Bennett ultimately turned against Pierce after the President failed to
appoint him to a much-coveted post as ambassador to France. From that point on,
Bennett consistently lambasted Pierce on both his front and editorial page,
often calling him "Poor Pierce." Bennett supported James Buchanan as
tensions rose over slavery. He endorsed John C. Breckinridge for the 1860
presidential campaign, then shifted to John Bell. He promoted George B.
McClellan in 1864, but endorsed no candidate. Although he opposed Abraham
Lincoln, Bennett backed the Union, then took the lead to turn the president
into a martyr after his assassination. He favored most of Andrew Johnson's
By the time Bennett turned control of the
Herald over to his son James Gordon Bennett Jr. in 1866, it had the highest
circulation in America. However, under the younger Bennetts' stewardship, the
paper declined, and, after his death, it was merged with its arch-rival, the
New York Tribune.
He died in New York, on June 1, 1872.
James Bennett is interred at Green-Wood Cemetery in Brooklyn (Kings County),
Plot: Section 107, Lot 865